Countries

List of All Asian Countries and Their Capitals

Asia is the largest continent in the world.  Its epic size has never been up for dispute and as a continent it also hosts the largest population. In fact, Asia has 4.4 billion people which make up for almost 63% of the population of the world. To be precise, most of that population is in the south Asian region of the continent, especially the sub-continental area. Out of the 4.4 billion, over 3 billion comes from that area which includes only four out of the total 48 countries; Bangladesh, China, India and Pakistan.
According to the United Nations, Asia has a total of 48 officially recognized and independent countries. There are however several territories and administrative regions in the continent that are either mostly sovereign or have autonomous rules. Then there are also territories like Northern Cyprus, Christmas Islands, Cocos Islands and whatnot which are actually dependent on other countries but have separate administration. Some territories are also disputed. There is one territory called British Indian Ocean Territory where the United Kingdom is the parent country. That place has only 2,000 people which are mainly from the United States military. There are laws and legislation in place which allow USA to operate a military base there despite the territory belonging to UK.

top Asian countries

Parts of Asia and Their Population

  • North Asia

Northern Asia consists of Siberia and it also refers to the upper echelons and far reaches of Russia. This region has an estimate population of 38 million which in essence entirely consists of the Asian part above the Gobi region.

  • Northeast Asia

Northeast Asia is below the Gobi desert and contains countries that join Asia to the Pacific Ocean in the northern regions. This area can be loose in translation as it can also contain a good chunk of Russia in terms of definition. As of now, the core countries of the region include China, Japan, North and South Korea. The population of this area is around 1.55 billion.

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  • Southeast Asia

The countries here are below Japan and China as this region also connects to the tectonic plates of Oceanic continent. Hong Kong and Macau as well as some parts of southern China are a part of this region, with Indonesia, Guinea, Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, East Timor, Thailand, Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Philippines and Vietnam. This area has over 600 million populations.

  • Central Asia

Also known as Asia’s core, Central Asia has countries east of Afghanistan, south of Russia, west of Tukey and north of Iran and Middle East. It mainly consists of five core countries, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan which is why the region is also referred to as ‘The Stans’. Population here is around 68 million.

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  • South Asia

South Asia basically consists of the sub-continent and surrounding countries like Afghanistan, Bhutan, Nepal, Maldives and Sri Lanka. The sub-continent has Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and the disputed territory of Kashmir. It is the most populous region of Asia with 1.78 billion.

Asian countries and their capitals

List of Asian Countries And Their Capitals At A Glance

Rank Country Capital Population
1. China Beijing 1,401,793,000
2. India New Delhi 1,282,540,044
3. Indonesia Jakarta 255,462,000
4. Pakistan Islamabad 191,785,000
5. Bangladesh Dhaka 158,762,000
6. Japan Tokyo 126,806,000
7. Philippines Manila 102,965,000
8. Vietnam Hanoi 91,812,000
9. Iran Tehran 78,778,000
10. Turkey Ankara 78,214,000
11. Thailand Bangkok 68,387,000
12. Burma Naypyidaw 52,280,000
13. South Korea Pretoria, Cape Town, Bloemfontein 50,617,000
14. Iraq Baghdad 36,575,000
15. Saudi Arabia Riyadh 31,521,000
16. Uzbekistan Tashkent 31,255,000
17. Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 30,512,000
18. Nepal Kathmandu 28,038,000
19. Afghanistan Kabul 26,849,000
20. Yemen Sana’a 26,745,000
21. North Korea Pyongyang 25,863,000
22. Taiwan Taipei 23,464,000
23. Syria Damascus 23,270,000
24. Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, Colombo 20,869,000
25. Kazakhstan Astana 17,540,000
26. Cambodia Phnom Penh 15,040,000
27. Azerbaijan  Baku 9,651,000
28. United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 8,933,000
29. Tajikistan Dushanbe 8,451,000
30. Israel Jerusalem 8,372,000
31. Hong Kong (China) Victory 7,286,000
32. Jordan Amman 6,837,000
33. Laos Vientiane 6,802,000
34. Kyrgyzstan Bishkek 5,943,000
35. Singapore Singapore 5,541,000
36. Turkmenistan Ashgabat 4,902,000
37. Palestine Ramallah, East Jerusalem 4,683,000
38. Lebanon Beirut 4,288,000
39. Oman Muscat 4,176,000
40. Kuwait Kuwait City 4,161,000
41. Georgia Atlanta 3,730,000
42. Mongolia Ulan Bator 3,029,000
43. Armenia Yerevan 3,007,000
44. Qatar Doha 2,388,000
45. Bahrain Manama 1,781,000
46. Timor-Leste Dili 1,245,000
47. Cyprus Nicosia 891,000
48. Bhutan Thimphu 760,000
49. Macau
(China)
647,000
50. Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 421,000
51. Maldives Malé 345,000
  • Middle East

Middle East is well…the Middle East. This location is referred to as the part of the world in the Middle East all of the countries in here are from western part of Asia that connects to Africa through Egypt, only country of the Middle East that’s not a part of Asia, and also connects to Southeast Europe. The population here is 372 million sans population of Egypt (92 million).

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