In which Country did U.S. Military Forces Find and Kill Osama Bin Laden in 2011
Osama Bin Laden was the one, who established and lead the terrorist group Al-Qaeda. He was killed on 2nd May 2011 by United States Navy SEALS in Pakistan. The Navy Seals were of the United States Naval Special Welfare Development Group. The operation was taken place under the supervision of Central Intelligence Agency and gave the code name Operation Neptune Spear. Osama was in the hitlist and was searched for ten years after the 9/11 attacks on the United States.
The raid started at 1:00 a.m. as per the local time. Two Black Hawk Helicopter carrying 23 U.S. Navy Seals landed near the compound of Osama bin Laden in Abbottabad Pakistan. Although one of the helicopters crashed into the compound, they were lucky no one got hurt. The raid lasted for about 40 minutes and five people which included one of the adult sons of bin Laden was killed in action. No American Officials got injured or killed during the raid and after that bin Laden’s body was taken over to Afghanistan to identify it that was Osama bin Laden.
The raid to Osama bin Laden’s compound was originated from Afghanistan, and they went to Abbottabad. The U.S. military officials gave an official statement that soon after the raid, they tool Osama’s body to Afghanistan where they ran tests for the identification, and he was buried within 24 hours of his death.
Al Qaeda stated the death of Osama bin Laden, and they said that they would take revenge for the death of their leader. Many other groups like Tehreek e Taliban Pakistan also stated that they would retaliate against the United States, and they would also take actions against Pakistan as it didn’t resist against the attack. About 90% of the American public was in support of the attack saying that what the forces did was the right thing to do. A large number of governments also favored this decision and adding to that the NATO and United Nations were also in on U.S’s side. About two-thirds Pakistanis were not in favor of this operation. There was a lot of controversy over the fact that no DNA evidence or any photo to prove that he’s dead was released by the United States. There were many other issues from authorities like Amnesty International. They questioned that why Osama Bin Laden was killed on the spot because he was unarmed. Many thought that he should’ve been taken alive for investigation.
How He Was Located:
There are different reports on how Osama bin Laden was located and how U.S. Army and Central Intelligence Agency tracked him down in Abbottabad. The director of CIA John Brennan that the whole investigation started from a single fragment of information that they had and that led to the discovery of the location of Osama bin Laden. It’s also said that CIA got their primary lead from a supplier who was followed to Abbottabad and then the United States started surveillance on the location of his compound. NBC News and another reported said that U.S. intelligence was given some information regarding the spot of Osama as they offered a bounty for information. The information was given to them by a Pakistani Intelligence Officer.
A former intelligence officer of Pakistan went over to the United States Embassy in 2010 and said that he would reveal the location of Osama bin Laden in exchange for a bounty of 25 million dollars. The story was supported by two intelligence officers of the United States, and they stated that they had previously received that Intel from an intelligence analyst. They were given the information that Osama bin Laden had been residing in Pakistan since 2006. He also told that he was under house arrest near the military and intelligence centers. After the Intel, U.S. officially started local and satellite surveillance of the area to confirm the information.
A retired senior officer of U.S. intelligence, Osama bin Laden was financially supported by someone from Saudi Arabia and was kept in Pakistan, and that purpose of that is to improve the relationships between Pakistan and Afghanistan. There was also a report in a German newspaper that German Intelligence knew that Osama bin Laden was kept in Pakistan and the ISI told it to German Intelligence. So The BND later told CIA that Osama is located in Pakistan and with the help of a courier, the American Intelligence was able to find the precise location where Osama was living.
As per the earlier versions of identification of Osama bin Laden, CIA planned to interrogate from the couriers of Al Qaeda because it was widely believed that Osama communicates with the crew with the help of couriers. After an associate of Bin Laden was killed because the U.S. tracked the location of a mobile phone using satellite, Osama didn’t use any phones because it could lead the intelligence agencies to trace his location, so he used the old-fashioned way to communicate with the crew.
The U.S. intelligence said that by the year 2002, all of the people who were being interrogated had heard some claims about a courier of Al Qaeda with the kunya Abu Ahmed al-Kuwaiti (also known as Sheikh Abu Ahmed from Kuwait). Many claimed that but the primary claim was from Mohammed al-Qahtani who was being interrogated to find some information about al Qaeda and track down Osama between November 23, 2002, and January 11, 2003. In this interval, al-Qahtani revealed some information about Abu Ahmed al-Kuwaiti who was known to have been in the inner circle of Al Qaeda. In 2003, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, who was believed to be the operational chief of al-Qaeda, stated that he was in contact with al-Kuwaiti. But according to the US officials, he was not an active member of Al Qaeda.
As per the investigation was done by a U.S. official, Hassan Ghul who was a prisoner told during an inquiry that bin Laden primarily relied on a courier that goes by the name al-Kuwaiti. Hassan Ghul also said that al-Kuwaiti was trusted and was close to bin Laden. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and Mohammed’s successor Abu Faraj al-Libbi were also on the list. Ghul told that al-Kuwaiti was off the grid for some time. The U.S. officials suspected that al-Kuwaiti was traveling along with bin Laden.
Mohammad told the same story when he was contacted from Ghul’s account. Later in 2005, Abu Faraj al Libbi was captured and then transferred to Guantanamo. While an interrogation, he said that he didn’t know about al Kuwaiti, instead he told that Maulwi Abd al Khaliq Jan was the courier of bin Laden. US officials concluded that he was in the inner circle of bin Laden.
The U.S. officials came to know about the real name of al-Kuwaiti’s, and they stated that they would never give any information about what his real name was neither the source that provided this information. Pakistani officials said that the actual name of al Kuwaiti was Ibrahim Saeed Ahmed and he was from Pakistan’s Swat Valley. The officials stated that he and his brother Abrar were residing in bin Laden’s compound with their families.
Situations of Pakistan After the Attack:
The unannounced attack caused many security issues in Pakistan. Although the U.S government claimed that Pakistan was responsible for letting this man live in the country, Pakistan denied sheltering Osama bin Laden. Instead, Pakistan stated that it had been sharing information about bin Laden’s compound to CIA and other intelligence agencies since 2009.
The author of a book “The Wrong Enemy: America in Afghanistan” accused Pakistan of knowing everything about bin Laden and then sheltering him after the September 11, 2010 attacks. She also said that senior intelligence officials told her that the United States has proof that Pakistan’s Inter Intelligence Services chief knew about bin Laden’s location but ISI, CIA and other officials in Washington denied to having this information.
Deciding from computer files and other evidence collected from the compound by the SEALs during the raid, it’s widely believed that bin Laden was planning the assassination of President Obama and there were other blueprints of attacks that he was planning on the U.S. These blueprints depicted that one of the bombings was planned on the anniversary of September 11, and it was going to be that greatest terrorist attack ever on U.S. soil, which left nearly 3,000 people dead.